Attre: Rhythm of Sound
Qarar lutenay walay qarar ko tarsay
Great composer of the Indo-Pak subcontinent, Abdur Rasheed, who is widely known as Rasheed Attre, was born in Amritsar, Punjab, India, in 1919.
His father, Khushi Mohammad, was also highly acclaimed singer-musician in his time.
Young Rasheed acquired his initial music lessons from Khan Sahib Ashfaq Husain.
Brilliant enough, Rasheed soon mastered the musical instruments in general and tabla, in particular.
In the early 1940s, Rasheed decided to consolidate his efforts towards composition and started his music career from Mahishori pictures, Lahore, for whom he composed two songs for the film Pagli'.
Rasheed also composed songs for Naueek Chitar Pat's another production, the film Kamra No.9.'
In fact, before Kamra No.9, Rasheed and his co-musician, Pundit Amar Naath, had immortalized the songs for the Pancholi Art pictures production, Shireen Farhaad' (released in 1945,director: Paro Hala Dutt, starring: Raagni, Junait, whose real name was Zakaria Khan and who was the father of Indian actor Amjad Khan).
Music lovers feel that Attre has a special resonance today, when they think of the mid 1940s, when Attre became the first music director to compose songs for the Bombay talkies first muslim social film Nateeja', whose superhit ghazal Kahan mein aur kahan deen-e-haram ki kashmakash, Nakhb, kis kay naqsh-e- paper rakh diya ghabra kay sar mein nay' is popular to date. (Nateeja' starring: Shamim Banu, Yaqoob S. Khaleel, Randheer, Jalo bai, Majeed, director: Najam Naqui)
Wistful magic of Rasheed was quite forceful in Roop kay Shoori's film Paaro' (cast: Geeta Nizami or Mohni and Randheer)
Afterwards, he came out with magnificent music for director Shahid Lateef's movie, Shikayat'
The first Pakistani film for which Rasheed lent his music was director Masood Pervez's Beli'.
Three years after Beli', Rasheed was in-charge of music for director Nazeer's punjabi film, Shehri Babu', whose evergreen songs still reverberates in our ears:
kay maahi day naal meriyaan dopatta bay emaan ho gaya.
Attre's music for director W.Z. Ahmed's 1954 family-friendly film Roohi' was a success, two of its songs are listed here below:
moray mun mein.
Rasheed Attre's music is all very praise-worthy in director Nazeer's film Khatoon', which was popular for its tuhmri.
exhibits an astonishing range and power in director Anwar Kamal Pasha's
In 1954, Rasheed was also given the responsibility of composing songs for director Anwar Kamal Pasha's golden jubilee punjabi film Chan Mahi' (lyrics: Tufail Hoshiyar Puri, starring: Bahar, Aslam Pervez). Four of its songs are written here below:
day, sonay dee nath lay kay.
Attre was, indeed, a powerhouse of a musician and a case in point is director W.Z. Ahmed's all-time favorite film, Wada', which happened to be a movie from a more idealistic time:
barsain moray nain.
Attre's immense contribution to music will never be forgotten in director Jafar Malik's 1957 film, Saath Lakh":
uthaoon keh ghoonghat nikaloon.
Notably Attre's music in the film Mukhra' is worth listening to:
kay na kajla paa yee.
At the height of his fame, Attre came up with his magical composition for director Anwar Kamal Pasha's semi historical movie, Anar Kali'. To be precise, it was a joint venture of Rasheed Attre and master Enayat Husain Bhatti:
chakori karay duniya say chori chori: Noor Jehan.
Attre was highly successful in creating frenzied interest in the cine-goers with his lilting music for director Khaleel Qaiser's memorable film Shaheed':
teri galyoon pay aye watan keh jahan.
His achievements in director Hasan Tariq's film Neend' similarly are impressive: Teray dar pay chalay Aaye'.
Attre's music in the film Salma' is an experience of breathtaking scope:
Zindigi hai ya kisi ka intezaar: Noor Jehan.
Likewise, his music in Santosh Kumar's film Shaam dhalay' has become the gold standard of trend setting:
soul to Attre's music that enlighten as well as entertain you in director
S. Sulaiman's film
Ye naaz ye
andaaz ye jadu, ye adayain.
His unique composition in director Luqman's visionary movie Farishta' is worth listening to:
Dil ki dharkan
teri Aawaaz howee jaati hai (singer: Noor Jehan, picturised on actress
Yasmeen) Zamana kis qadar meher baan hai.
Attre's exemplary music in director Najam Naqui's film Qaidi' did lend new credence to his accounts:
Mujh say pehli see mohabbat meray mehboob na maang: (singer: Noor Jehan, ghazal: Faiz Ahmed Faiz)
To talk about director-producer, Qadeer Ghori's film Mauseeqar' is to listen to Attre's dazzling array of compositions at its best:
tujhay shaam saweray: Noor Jehan.
Director Anwar Kamal Pasha's film Mehboob' (Rani's first film) is as awesome as its images, which will always be remembered for Attre's wonderful tunes:
Nigahein mila kar badal janay walay:(singer: Noor Jehan, picturised on Rani)
Director S.M.Yusuf's film Dulhan' is yet another instance of Attre's self-mastery in composing songs:
say nigahein uthi hain.
Also, unforgettable songs from the film Ghehra Daagh': Agar tum haseen na hotay'
Mentioned here below are some of the films whose songs were composed by Attre:
Laila Mujnu, Rukhsana, Gulshan, Saahil, Dakoo ki larki, Aik manzil do raahain, Aazaad, Shabab, Hazaar dastaan, Al-Hilal, Jeedar, Mirza jat, Baau jee, Zaalim and Chataan.
His music in the film Payal ki jhankar' is a story about human possibility that demonstrates brilliance and innovation: Husn ko chand jawani ko ghazal kehtay hain.
Further, Mehel' is a movie which powerfully illustrates his firm grip on the songs: Jeeya ra tarsay dekhan ko'.
Attre won the prestigious Nigar award thrice:
Rasheed Attre passed on December 18, 1967, at the age of 48.
Attre's myriad adorers will always remember him for the music that conveys the true sentiments of the Pakistani nation.